5 Outstanding Made in India Technology Products


India has been a treasure-house of talent. We can understand if we look at the glorious past we had during the medieval times. When westerners were looking for the clues to solve scientific problems, India’s illustrious ancestors had solutions in their minds. However, these solutions were not properly documented. Hence, many of those solutions got embroiled in controversies in later centuries. When the time passed on, the western counterparts happened to rediscover them. Later, they applied for the patents. This has happened in case of many proprietary medicines derived from herbs. The current ruling dispensation under Narendra Modi has understood the need for giving fillip to the local brains so that they come out with outstanding products and technologies for the welfare of the community as a whole. In light of the new initiatives by the central government, let us look at the some of the outstanding Indian technology-based products we have come across since India got independence. These products have made India proud internationally. In this article, let us look at some of the outstanding technology products that Indians have indigenously developed.

1. Artificial Heart Valves: These products came as a spin-off of the material research that developed low weight materials for Indian space satellites. The research team working in Sri Chitra Thirunal Institute of Science and Technologies developed these life-saving valves at low costs. This prestigious Central Government Institution is located in Trivandrum, Kerala.
2. Artificial Limbs: Traditionally, India has to import the artificial limbs from foreign countries. Moreover, using them was a nightmare. Keeping these things in mind, some Indian entities have started making tailor-made artificial limbs for Indian conditions. These spin-off products have provided much-needed relief for the differently-abled people in that country.
3. Natural Mosquito Repellents: Some of the Center for Scientific and Industrial (CSIR) research institutes has developed herb-based natural repellents. They have already started marketing them. Just Spray, Just Out are some of the classical examples of insect repellents brought out by these research agencies. These products don’t have any side effects unlike the commonly available brands like All Out, Mortein, etc.

4. Hib Vaccines: An Indian pharmacological company by the name Bharat Biotech has developed first indigenously made Hib vaccine against Haemophilias Type b microbe. It has brought down the cost of treatment of the above mentioned disease by half.
5. Shanferon: Noted Biotech Company Shantha Biotechnics had come out with first indigenously made interferon that costs about 40% less than the imported interferon. Physicians have started using this compound in the treatment of Chronic Myelogenous Leukemia, Chronic Hepatitis B and Chronic Hepatitis C.

Tips To Turn Lake Toba Into A World-Class Tourist Destination

Firstly, the central government of Indonesia through its related ministries must be serious in developing the lake and its surrounding areas, the government is expected to making good use of the budget allocated through the establishment of a single authority who has authority to develop the lake and its surrounding areas as previously done in other areas in Indonesia. The budget already set aside to improving the lake and its surrounding areas must be well and strictly used in its deployment and must address the target unlike the budget previously allocated before always corrupted by the local authorities who have always been put in jail due to their corrupt manners.

Secondly, after a single authority in charge of developing the lake and its areas nearby has been formed, the government through local authorities in this case acting as a single authority set a plan or a blue print which will be carried out to develop the lake and the surrounding areas together with the local community who live at the lake and around it.

Thirdly, the blue print which consists of the whole plan to develop the lake must include all the programs of the single tourism authority without putting aside the needs and benefits of the people who live at Lake Toba, Samosir Island and the seven regencies who have been living there from generation to generation. The Lake Toba ecosystem and its surrounding areas that serve the people living in the area must be well-maintained, Lake Toba is well recognised as the largest permanent lake body in Southeast Asia in addition to the contribution of the basin and catchment area through farming and fishing as sources of food supplies to the community, and also the forests around the lake in the regencies provide wood and various herbs and water to supply two hydropower plants in Siguragura and Tangga from the lake. There are many more benefits to human beings, the Lake Toba ecosystem serves many lives, plays a crucial role in regulating the water flows and water regime, helps lives regulate the atmosphere and climate, and dampens environmental disturbances such as storms and floods, helps as a biological control mechanism to decrease destructive populations and moreover it supports the process of soil formation, photosynthesis, pollination and nutrient cycling.

Fourthly, the government is expected to be active in helping the community to preserve their cultural, spiritual, recreational and aesthetic benefits for people where the Batak tribes in the area are still connected to and maintain their traditional culture, handed down from generation to generation which can not be found in other tribes around the world, the native people still practice traditional rituals respected by being buried in their homeland, Toba the land of their ancestors, is something most Batak people most desire and the people still preserve tombs and cemeteries containing graves from ancient times to the present.

Fifthly, it is essential that the government encourage the people to conserve their areas as known over the past two decades population growth and development has affected the ecosystem of the lake due to widespread deforestation, drought, water level decline, water-quality degradation, invasive species and loss of biological diversity. The people should be made to realise how important it is to develop their areas to prevent from being destructed which can have a negative impact on their lives and on their generations’. The local community around the lake should be successfully assured that by developing the lake and their areas, there would be financial and economic gains through tourism industry which is a positive way affecting many other parties such as tour operators, tourist entrepreneurs, local residents and the central government as well.

Sixthly, the government through the related authorities should enforce the law upon those who still create land degradation, habitat destruction and widespread deforestation which affects the slope and land around the lake either individuals and corporates for profit-seeking business such as for land-use conversion for industrial and residential development, for intensive agricultural practices and floating-cage aquaculture in the lake leading to contamination, both from a chemical used in agricultural practices and fish food.

Seventhly, the government must consider also the negative effect of high concentration of tourists which cause air, water and aesthetic pollution besides increase of solid waste, sewage and littering. In addition, the loss of biological diversity can occur through tourism activities which in the long run creates the depletion of the ozone layer and climate change, and lots of more negative effects that should be taken into account by the government.

Finally, the community should be ready with both open arms to face big changes to their areas to turn Lake Toba into a world-class tourist destination, they should be ready to face disruption of their cultural practices and be willingly to adapt themselves to the new situation which is beneficial to the people from now on by welcoming visitors to come to the lake and to their areas.

Challenges to the Indonesian Socialism

Jakarta, as the window for the Indonesian outlook, has shown progress and success in carrying out their social programs. However, like any other Socialist country in the world, Indonesia has its own challenges. There are 3 main factors that would cause problems to their growth and development.


Indonesia is marred with corruption as if it has become part of the “culture”. Indonesia ranks 34th by the 2014 World Corruption Perception Index. It’s even below some African countries such as Nigeria, Zambia and Trinidad. If you compare that to Denmark, which was ranked number 1 as a nation with the lowest perception of corruption, Indonesia still has a long way to go. There is almost zero confidence among the public for government officials and law-makers. On a brighter note though, Governor Basuki has somewhat shown progress in eradicating corruption via the use of innovative technological ideas, transparency and bureaucracy overhaul (see my previous article, “Jakarta Governor Basuki T.Purnama and His Social Programs”).

Race and Religious Intolerance

Historically, besides other minorities, the Chinese ethnic has been the most targeted group by discrimination practices in Indonesia. Institutional Discrimination was legally ended in 1999 under President Abdurahman Wahid (colloquially known as Gus Dur); however, its residuals still exist and palpable among the minorities. Jakarta Governor Mr.Basuki T Purnama aka Ahok, a Chinese ethnic and Christian, has been receiving strong oppositions and threats from radical Islamic Organizations such as FPI (The Islamic Defender Front). Religious Intolerance and Sectarian Violence started to occur in the era of democracy after the fall of then President Suharto in 1998.

This race and religious tension appears to have slowly dissipated within the last years. Nevertheless, if it does not substantially minimize to the point where law and order can be established and safety can be guaranteed, it would be a serious challenge and danger for the development and growth of Indonesia. It would also be an attack to the very core of the Indonesian foundation Pancasila, which in turn would become a threat to the unity of the Republic.


At this moment Indonesia does not have a formal Social Program when it relates to un-employment. During crisis this social protection has been largely based on informal arrangement, such as community involvement and faith-based donations. Indonesian is known with its cultural trait called “Gotong-Royong”, which is a spirit of team work in line with its philosophical foundation Pancasila. The absence of the unemployment benefit program appears to force people to always try to find a job. This would not create a problem if there is still growth in the economy. However, although the national unemployment rate has declined to 5.5% in 2015, it is still considered risky from the perspective of global uncertainties. With its population of 258 million – which is the fourth most populous country in the world – and with the growing population entering the labor force each year, it will be a challenge for the government to continue stimulating job creations, should there be another global financial crisis or economy slow down. Therefore, there will be a need to create a formal, and at least a limited unemployment program as part of its social welfare system.